Pigmentation Treatment in Gurgaon
Pigmentation is a condition when certain areas of the skin appear darker than the normal skin colour. Hyperpigmentation isn’t necessarily a condition but a term that describes skin that appears darker. It can: a) Occur in small patches b) Cover large areas c) Affect the entire body
While increased pigmentation usually isn’t harmful, it can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition – says Dr. Noopur Jain, a pigmentation specialist doctor in Gurgaon. Most disorders of pigmentation are due to excess deposits of the melanin pigment in the skin. Pigmentation on the face can cause serious emotional disturbances as it affects one’s self confidence and social interaction.
What are the common causes of pigmentation?
The common causes of hyperpigmentation are:
1. Genetics: There are about 125 genes are that are responsible for affecting the skin colour. Along with hormones, genes play a major role in regulating the melanin production. They affect the amount of eumelanin or pheomelanin that our skin cells will produce and how much of this will survive. This ultimately affects the skin colour over time. Lighter skin people are more prone to develop certain skin cancers whereas darker skin people are more prone to develop hyperpigmentation.
Genetic conditions like Nevus of Ota, Erythema dyschromicum perstans, Hori nevus etc. present with pigmented patches on the skin which may be present since birth or may present later in life.
2. Hormonal: Many pigmentary disorders like melasma have hormonal causes underlying which lead to stimulation of melanocytes and excess melanin production.
3. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): This kind of pigmentation occurs after any kind of inflammation or injury on the skin. This occurs due to the response of the melanin producing cells to the cutaneous injury which causes an excess production of melanin pigment. PIH can occur due to deposition of melanin in the epidermis or dermis. Treatment is usually decided by the level of deposition of the melanin.
4. Use of Cosmetic Products: Cosmetic products may contain certain ingredients which lead to pigmentation on the skin.
5. Drug Reactions: Intake of certain oral drugs or medications can lead to generalized or localized hyperpigmentation on the skin. This usually resolves once the causative drug is stopped.
6. Sun Exposure: Chronic or long term unprotected exposure to the sun leads to stimulation of melanocytes and pigmentation.
7. Skin Conditions: Certain skin conditions like lichen planus, Riehl’s melanosis are characterized by pigmentation on the face.
8. Nutritional Deficiencies such as deficiency of Vit B 12 and metabolic abnormalities like Acanthosis Nigricans present with pigmentation on the skin.
How to prevent pigmentation?
Dr. Noopur Jain is an expert in performing pigmentation treatment in Gurgaon and suggests the following preventive tips:
• Sun protection is the most important factor for avoiding or preventing pigmentation. Since UV exposure is a major cause for developing hyperpigmentation, proper use of sunscreens along with sun protective clothing, use of hats and sunglasses are essential components in the treatment of hyperpigmentation.
• Avoidance of causative factors such as medications and cosmetic products that are causing the pigmentation.
• Proper treatment of inflammatory conditions such as acne so that post inflammatory hyperpigmentation can be avoided.
• Nutritional supplements for taking care of the deficiencies.
• Diet and exercise for managing metabolic problems.
Best pigmentation treatment in Gurgaon
I. MEDICAL TREATMENT
This includes the use of sun protective measures along with skin lightening products. The important ingredients in skin care products that help in skin lightening are:
a. Kojic acid
c. Azelaic acid
e. Glycolic acid
g. Vitamin C
h. Alpha arbutin
II. Chemical Peeling
Chemical peeling is one of the most effective pigmentation treatment in Saket. It can be used as a combination to other treatments or as a stand alone treatment. Types of peels:
a. Superficial peels such as Glycolic acid 10-50%, Salicylic acid 30%, Lactic acid (10-30%)
b. Medium depth peels such as Glycolic acid 50-70%, Tricholoroacetic acid (30-50%)
c. Deep peels such as Trichloroacetic acid >50%, Phe-nol.
Peels can be done safely in all age groups as well as skin types. They are especially useful for under eye dark circles, pigmentation marks on the chest and back, pigmentation in the underarms & bikini areas, pigmented knees, elbows or feet and also tanned arms and legs.
Overall, pigmentation in the epidermal layers respond the best. Patients who use combination treatments and maintain their results with proper home care are able to get much better improvements in pigmentation in general. Medium-depth peels should be cautiously performed, whereas, deep peels are not recommended due to the high risk of permanent scarring.
It is a physical exfoliation procedure done with the help of diamond or a crystal tip along with vacuum that helps remove the dead skin cells. It is usually done along with chemical peeling to achieve optimum results.
IV. Laser therapy
It is a safe, incredibly effective and a simple procedure that improves the appearance of the skin in both the short term as well as the long term. It is suitable for all skin types and results in an instant rejuvenation of the skin by making it plump, smooth and clear. It has zero downtime so the patients can return to their daily routine activities immediately afterwards. This dynamic treatment also promotes sub-dermal collagen production so that skin texture, color and tone continue to improve long after your last session. This is also one of the most commonly used pigmentation treatment in Saket.
Regular sessions of laser toning gradually reduce surface flaws like pigmentation and spots or marks caused by conditions like acne, rosacea, melasma, tanning, and refine enlarged pores. Laser Toning, can be considered as a medical facial for achieving superior maintenance of skin health and rejuvenation.
Laser Toning uses Q switched Nd-YAG laser that can reach into the deeper layers of the skin and break pigments that cause melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, leading to a brighter and clearer complexion. It is very comfortable and incredibly safe since we use a very gentle laser that leaves your skin undamaged.
For most skin conditions with hyperpigmentation, lasers are usually considered to be second or third-line treatment modalities. However, for certain conditions like naevus of Ota and Hori naevi, treatment with Q switched Nd YAG laser is the first line of treatment as these conditions respond very well to the laser.
Overall, lasers and light sources should be performed by experienced dermatologists only. Treatment with lasers for hyperpigmentation can have an unpredictable response, with chances of relapses and an increased risk of both hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation. Proper counselling of patients with respect to side-effects and expectations should always be done before starting any laser procedure.
At Skinzest, we offer world-class pigmentation treatment in Gurgaon to eliminate dark spots and get the blackness removed from the body. Book an appointment!